What Is a Vertical Turbine, and How Is It Used?

April 22, 2021

When it comes to pumping wastewater, you have a few options. One of the most versatile choices is a vertical turbine, which is a type of centrifugal pump that can help transport water from deep underground. You might know them as line shaft turbine pumps or deep well turbine pumps. Surprisingly, these types of pumps have nothing to do with turbines at all. Read on for an overview of how vertical turbines can be used to pump water in Camden County, MO.

What are vertical turbines?

Vertical turbines are a type of centrifugal pump. They’re helpful when you have a reservoir deep underground and need to move water up toward the surface. Don’t confuse these with submersible pumps, however—while submersible pumps have a motor contained within the pump itself, vertical turbines use a motor at the surface. The pump itself is lowered into the reservoir and connects to the motor via a long vertical shaft. This makes it easier to repair and maintain the motor, since it’s always on the surface. You won’t have to remove or alter the pump assembly to work on the motor. Plus, you can choose between both gas and electric motors since it won’t be submerged in the water.

How do vertical turbines work?

Vertical turbines are equipped with a suction bell, impellers, a diffuser bowl, spinning shaft and discharge head. The water enters the pump through the suction bell and activates the first impeller. Then the water travels up into the diffuser bowl, which is typically located right above the first impeller. The diffuser bowl translates the high velocity water into high pressure water. If there are additional impellers, it repeats this process. Finally, the water moves toward the surface with the help of the spinning shaft. It exits through the discharge head to be pumped through pipes as necessary.

How are vertical turbines used?

Since vertical turbines are so versatile, they can be used in a number of different applications. Multiple-stage pumps can be used to reach the amount of water pressure you need, and they can churn out anywhere from 50 to 30,000 gallons per minute—or even more, if you make additional adjustments. If a submersible pump can’t put out the power you need, or if you prefer to keep the motor on the surface for easy access, vertical turbines are an excellent choice.

Some industrial uses include wastewater pumping and irrigation. Vertical turbines aren’t limited to underground applications, which makes them appropriate for many types of high pressure, high velocity water pumping. Sometimes they’re used as “boosters” when a pump system needs to create additional water pressure.

If you’re interested in finding out whether vertical turbines are suitable for your water pumping needs in Camden County, MO, call Enviro-Line Co., Inc. today. We have a comprehensive understanding of water pumps, how they work and their various uses, so we can help you find the right tools for the job. Reach out to learn more—we look forward to assisting you!

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