Tips for Choosing the Proper Submersible Pump for Your Needs

June 15, 2020

Submersible pumps come in a wide range of shapes and sizes and with numerous features, so the kind you choose will vary depending on the application you need it for. With this in mind, what are some of the factors you need to consider while selecting a submersible pump in Missouri for your application?

The most important factors are the specific application for which you will be using the pump, the kind of materials the pump will be relocating, the head pressure the pump will operate against and the flow rates you need the pump to be able to handle.

Here’s a brief overview of some of the most common types of submersible pumps and the situations in which they are a sensible choice:

  • Sump/effluent submersible pumps: Sump and effluent pumps are designed to pump wastewater that is either clear or contains minimal solids. Larger units may have around a 2” discharge, but most will be around 1.5”. Solids pumped through these systems should not exceed greater than 0.75” in size. They are typically used to pump discharge from a septic tank or aerobic system into a drain field or other secondary treatment system. These submersible pumps in Missouri generally range from 1/3 HP to 2 HP, and the more horsepower the unit delivers, the higher the volumes of water it’s capable of handling and the higher the head pressure it can stand up against.
  • High head effluent submersible pumps: These pumps are also occasionally referred to as deep water well or turbine pumps. They are used mostly in the septic system field for drip or spray irrigation systems, and are only designed for treated wastewater or clear water. You will see most of these pumps rated for 10 to 20 gallons per minute, and they tend to come in essentially the same dimensions.
  • Sewage ejector pumps: These pumps are designed to handle raw sewage pumping, generally from a basement pump station or just outside the house into the septic tank or an aerobic treatment system. These pumps will be able to handle solids sized at a couple inches, and are ideal for low-pressure pumping jobs. You should be able to find them from 4/10 HP up to 2 HP.
  • Sewage grinder pumps: These are also pumps that are designed for raw sewage pumping, but for much heavier duty situations, as they are much more powerful than sewage ejector pumps. Not only do these machines pump away raw sewage, but they’ll also grind it into a slurry before sending it to its destination at a very high pressure. These can be used to pump from residences into a sewer main, or to send waste over very long distances or up very high elevations. They should be used when there is significant head pressure.

To learn more about the various types of submersible pumps on the market in Missouri and the factors you should consider when selecting one for your home, we encourage you to contact our wastewater Enviro-Line Co., Inc. today.

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Enviro-Line Co, Inc.